Shab e Barat, Barat Night, Cheragh e Brat or Berat Kandili is Muslim holiday. It celebrated on 15th night, night between 14 & 15 of the month of Shaban. Shaban is the eighth month of Islamic calendar. In this page we talk about Shab e Barat | Night of Mid Shaban, Islamic Calendar.
Shab e Barat:
Mid Shaban Jashan is a Muslim holiday observe by Muslim communities on night between 14 and 15 Sha’ban. It regarded as night when fortunes of individuals for coming year decided and when Allah may forgive sinners. In many regions, this is also a night when prayers arranged for forgiveness from Allah for one’s deceased ancestors. Additionally, Twelver Shia Muslims commemorate birthday of Muhammad al Mahdi on this date. Salafi streams oppose recognition of Mid Shaban as exceptional for prayer.
Fasting is encourage on 13th, 14th and 15th days of every Islam month. It would include the time when Shab e Barat takes place. But scholars say fasting is not a requirement of Shab e Barat. It would be voluntary, not compulsory. In fact, food given out as custom during this festival.
Shab e Baraat or Laylat al Baraat is an Islamic festival. It celebrated by Muslims all around the world. Translating to “The Night of Fortune and Forgiveness”. Shab e Barat means night of forgiveness or atonement and commemorates day Prophet Muhammad PBUH entered city of Makkah. Shab e Barat known as the night for forgiveness, when Muslims offer prayers to Allah.
In Islam, Shab e Barat means the night of forgiveness or Day of Atonement. It considered to be night when God forgives sinners. In the first rakaat, after Surah-e-Fatiha, recite Surah-e-Ikhlas 3 times and Surah-e-Falaq once. In the second rakaat, after Surah-e-Fatiha, recite Surah-e-Ikhlas 3 times and Surah-e-Naas once. After Salaam, recite Surah-e-Yaseen then Dua-e-Nisf-e-Shabaan, make Dua and ask Allah to protect your Imaan.
Shab e Barat 2022:
Shab e Barat 2022 or Laylat al-Bara’at expected on the evening of 18 March to morning of 19 March 2022 in Saudi Arabia. Also in other key Gulf countries such as Qatar, Oman, UAE, and Bahrain. On the other side, Shab e Barat in Pakistan and some other Asian countries such as India, Brunei, Morocco, and Bangladesh may be from the evening of 18 March to the morning of 19 March 2022. However, Final Shab e Barat start date 2022 and Shab e Barat end date 2022 will be available after Ruet.
On this page, you will find all the key information about the upcoming Shab e Barat date not just in Pakistan but worldwide. Pakistan and Saudi Arabia usually observe a difference of one day in the Islamic events. So in 2022, Shab e Barat expected on 19 March 2022 in Saudi Arabia and expected date in Pakistan, 19 March 2022. It is note that they are just tentative dates and final decision will be announce after the moon sighting.
Shab e Barat is believe to be a night when Allah declares fortune and forgiveness for anyone in a quest. People from around the Muslim world perform Nawafil (special/optional prayers) and ask forgiveness for themselves as well as their ancestors. People pray namaz and nawafil in their homes and mosques and pray out for desires, forgiveness, worldly and after-worldly fortunes.
You can bookmark this page to remain updated about the Shab e Barat date 2022. On the other side, if you have to find the expected dates of other Islamic events in your country, you can visit their respective pages or the Islamic calendar.
Significance and traditions:
To pray for dead and asking God for forgiveness of Dead is common ceremony in all cities which holding Barat ceremonies. According to a hadith, Prophet Muhammad went in this night to graveyard of Baqi. There he prayed for the Muslims buried there. On this basis, some of cleric hold it as advisable in this night to go to graveyard of Muslims and recite part of Quran Pak and pray for dead.
According to some Sunni Islam tradition, this night is called Shab e Baraat. Because Allah frees His sinful servants who destined for Hell. A person’s life in coming year, his sustenance and whether or not they will have opportunity to perform Hajj shall be decided on this night. The names of souls of all those who are born and of all those who are to depart from this world are determined. One’s actions raised and sustenance sent down.
According to sources it said that on this night Doors of Mercy and Forgiveness opened wide. But there is some special “Not Dos” for this night. For example, One who creates disunity among two Muslims & The person who unjustly takes away right and property of another Muslim. It has not yet rectified himself. These persons are not shown Mercy on this auspicious Night.
Since the celebration of Barat festival and Shia Jashn e Mid Shaban held usually at same time on same day. In this article and similar articles ceremonies of Barat and ceremonies of Mid Shaban had been mix mistakenly. So there should be distinction and separate the issues.
The ways of holding these two celebrations are different. Because Brat is very old, its celebration held in each region with different rituals and styles. But shia Jashn Mid-Sha’ban every where is same. Jashn e Mid Shaban Laylat al Nisf Shaban in Arab world. It is a shia ceremony. But Barat called Shab e Barat in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Afghanistan and Nepal.
In Iran it is called Cheragh Brat or light or bright, Berat Kandili in Turkish and Lejletul Berat in Bosnian. These names translated as “The night of records”, “the night of assignment” and “night of deliverance”. The observance involves a festive nightlong vigil with prayers. In most of regions, this is a night when one’s deceased ancestors commemorated.
The Prophet said: “On the middle night of Shaban, Allah most high descends to the lowest heaven and remits more sins than hair of the goats of Banu Kalb”.
According to Muadh ibn Jabal, Allah’s Messenger said: “Allah Almighty looks upon all those created by Him in middle night of Shaban and forgives all those created by Him. Excepted is the one who associates partners with Him or the one who has malice in his heart”.
Hadith classed sahih by Ibn Hibban “Allah looks at His creation in night of mid Shaban and He forgives all His creation except for a mushrik or a mushahin. Also reported by Tabrani and Al Bayhaqi”.
Is there no one asking forgiveness that I may forgive them? And Is there no one asking sustenance that I may grant them sustenance? Is there no one under trial that I may relieve them? It goes on like that until dawn rises. Hadith: Ibn Majah, Iqama, 191.
The Prophet PBUH said, “Allah gazes at His creation on the fifteenth night of Shaban and then forgives all His slaves except for two types of people: those who attribute partners to Allah and those who have rancour for their fellow Muslims”.
More Farmaan About Shab e Barat:
Aisha R.A also narrated that the Prophet PBUH once remained in Sajdah for so long during this night that she became scared and touched his foot to make sure he was still alive. He S.A.W moved his foot and she heard him reciting following dua:
The Prophet also said to Aisha, “Allah descends on the night of middle of Shaban to lowest heaven and He forgives more than the numbers of hairs on the sheep of Banu Kalb.
Finally, the Prophet S.A.W said that on this night, from sunset until dawn, Allah asks His servants, “Is there anyone seeking forgiveness from Me so that I may forgive him? Is there anyone seeking provision from Me so I may provide for him? Is there anyone suffering so I may relieve his suffering?”
Moreover, the Prophet PBUH always encouraged praying nawafil and making du’a at night, particularly during the last third of the night.
Dua’s to recite on Shab e Baraat:
To protect your Imaan:
After performing Maghrib namaz, read 2 rakaats of Nafil. In the first rakaat, after Surah-e-Fatiha, recite Surah-e-Ikhlas 3 times and Surah-e-Falaq once.
In the second rakaat, after Surah-e-Fatiha, recite Surah-e-Ikhlas 3 times and Surah-e-Naas once. After Salaam, recite Surah-e-Yaseen then Dua-e-Nisf-e-Shabaan, make Dua and ask Allah to protect your Imaan.
For Barkat in Rizk/Rozi:
After Maghrib namaz, read 2 rakaats of Nafil. Thereafter, read Surah-e-Yaseen once, Surah-e-Ikhlas 21 times and Dua-e-Nisf-e-Shabaan once. Then, make Dua for Barakat in Rozi and ask Allah not to make you dependent on anyone.
For a long life full of piety:
After Maghrib namaz, read 2 rakaats of Nafil. Read Surah-e-Yaseen once. Then read Dua-e-Nisf-e-Shabaan once. Thereafter, make Dua for a long life filled with piety and righteousness.
Shab e Barat Worldwide:
Pakistan, India, Nepal, Mauritania, Finland, Luxembourg, Japan, United States, Denmark, Marshall Islands, Philippines, Lithuania, Armenia, Pakistan, San Marino, South Korea, Morocco.
Is Shab e Barat a Public Holiday?
Shab e-Barat is an optional holiday. Employment and holiday laws in Pakistan allow employees to choose a limited number of holidays from a list of optional holidays. Some employees may choose to take the day off on this day, however, most offices and businesses remain open.
Shab e Barat, Barat Night, Cheragh e Brat or Berat Kandili is Muslim holiday. It celebrated on 15th night, night between 14 & 15 of the month of Shaban. Shaban is the eighth month of Islamic calendar. Mid Shaban Jashan is a Muslim holiday observe by Muslim communities on night between 14 and 15 Sha’ban.